28-Jun-2010 IATA criticizes lack of progress on volcanic ash issues in Europe [ATW]
28-Jan-2010 The solid business case for cutting carbon emissions [BusinessDay]
06-Dec-2009 The implications of the EU's ETS [Aircraft Commerce]
16-Nov-2012 Airbus and EADS join Chinese venture to develop algae-based jet fuels, with demo flight planned for 2013 [GreenAir Online]
15-Nov-2012 Third wave of green flight trials to get underway in Europe as part of AIRE emissions reduction programme [GreenAir Online]
09-Nov-2012 Virgin Atlantic says 2020 carbon target on track as new aircraft and fuel efficiency measures deliver savings [GreenAir Online]
SustainAvia provides consulting services in government policy and regulatory requirements to help companies interested in exporting biomass and biofuels to Europe, Switzerland, Canada, United States, Australia and other markets worldwide.
In order to receive government support or count towards mandatory national renewable energy targets, biofuels used in the EU (whether locally produced or imported) have to comply with sustainability criteria. These criteria aim at preventing the conversion of areas of high biodiversity and high carbon stock for the production of raw materials for biofuels. The entire biofuels' production and supply chain has to be sustainable. To this end, the sustainability of biofuels needs to be checked by Member States or through voluntary schemes which have been approved by the European Commission (EC).
Since 19 July 2011, the EC has recognised voluntary schemes that applies directly in 27 EU Member States. SustainAvia are experts in two of these EU 'recognised voluntary schemes': ISCC and RSB EU RED (Roundtable of Sustainable Biofuels EU RED).
Although neither ISCC nor RSB certification is a government regulatory requirement for access to the US, Canadian and other markets worldwide, ISCC or RSB certification ensures that the biofuel is environmentally 'sustainable', which is a widely accepted public requirement.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for developing and implementing regulations to ensure that transportation fuel sold in the United States contains a minimum volume of renewable fuel. The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program regulations were developed in collaboration with refiners, renewable fuel producers, and many other stakeholders.
The RFS program was created under the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 2005, and established the first renewable fuel volume mandate in the United States. As required under EPAct, the original RFS program (RFS1) required 7.5 billion gallons of renewable fuel to be blended into gasoline by 2012.
Under the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007, the RFS program was expanded.
RFS2 lays the foundation for achieving significant reductions of greenhouse gas emissions from the use of renewable fuels, for reducing imported petroleum, and encouraging the development and expansion of the United States renewable fuels sector.
Under the Clean Air Act Section 211(o), as amended by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is required to set the annual standards under the Renewable Fuel Standard program (RFS) each November for the following year based on gasoline and diesel projections from the Energy Information Administration (EIA). EPA is also required to set the cellulosic biofuel standard each year based on the volume projected to be available during the following year, using EIA projections and assessments of production capability from industry.
EPA is required to determine and publish the applicable annual renewable fuel percentage standards for each compliance year by November 30 of the previous year. Determining the applicable standards under RFS requires EPA to conduct an in-depth evaluation of the volume of qualifying cellulosic biofuel that can be made available the following year. If the projected available volume of cellulosic biofuel is less than the required volume specified in the statute, EPA must lower the required volume used to set the annual cellulosic biofuel percentage standard to the projected available volume. EPA must also determine whether the advanced biofuel and/or total renewable fuel volumes should be reduced by the same or a lesser amount.
For the final Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) rule, EPA assessed the lifecycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of multiple renewable fuel pathways. Assessment of lifecycle GHG emissions is necessary to determine which fuel pathways meet the GHG reduction thresholds under RFS2 for the four required renewable fuel categories (renewable fuel, biomass-based diesel, advanced biofuel, cellulosic biofuel).
In addition, EPA recognized during the rulemaking that there would be new pathways requiring assessment in the future. Therefore, 80.1416 in the RFS2 regulations, "Petition process for evaluation of new renewable fuels pathways." This mechanism allows parties to request that EPA conduct a lifecycle GHG assessment for a new fuel pathway and provide a determination of the RIN D code for which the new pathway may be eligible.
It is important to note that only gasoline and diesel fuels produced or imported into the U.S. are subject to the renewable fuel standards. Thus, only gasoline and diesel fuel volumes produced or imported by an obligated party factor into their RVOs (renewable fuel volume obligations). Therefore, jet fuel production or importation is not subject to the renewable fuel standards. However, producers or importers of renewable jet fuel can generate RINs to represent that jet fuel if their fuel meets the definition of renewable fuel.
Please refer to the 'Resources' section of our website to view useful Links and Legislation for more information about Biofuel Markets Government Policy and Regulations in the United States, Canada, Europe, Switzerland and Australia.
Please contact us if you are interested in discussing SustainAvia's consulting services in government policy and regulatory requirements to help companies interested in exporting biomass and biofuels to Europe, Switzerland, Canada, United States, Australia and other markets worldwide.